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Proximate and phytochemical analysis of selected wild edible green leafy vegetables in Batticaloa

Authors:

K. Ravivarman ,

Eastern University, Vantharumoolai, LK
About K.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
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U. Mathiventhan

Eastern University, Vantharumoolai, LK
About U.
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science
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Abstract

Plant-derived natural products provide many novel bioactive molecules that are available in the market today as medicines or food. Wild Green Leafy Vegetables (WGLVs) have essential nutrients which are necessary for a healthy life. Three WGLVs such as Allmania nodiflora, Borreria hispida, and Rivea ornata were selected for the proximate and phytochemical analysis based on the market survey. Selected dry WGLVs were used to investigate proximate such as moisture, ash, fat, and fiber and phytochemicals such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, and saponins analysis by using standard methods. The results were shown as follows: moisture 71.7±0.95- 80.3±2.84%, ash 8.84±0.69 - 11.05±0.21 %, fat 1.36±0.48 - 2.56±0.28 % and fiber 6.85±0.46 - 8.04±0.11 %. The qualitative screening of water, ethanol, and acetone extracts revealed that select WGLVs contained alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, and saponin. Rivea ornata lacked quinones, while anthraquinones were only found in the water extract of Borreria hispida, and none of the three WGLVs were found to contain glycosides.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/jsc.v13i2.47
How to Cite: Ravivarman, K. and Mathiventhan, U., 2022. Proximate and phytochemical analysis of selected wild edible green leafy vegetables in Batticaloa. Journal of Science, 13(2), pp.40–50. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jsc.v13i2.47
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Published on 31 Dec 2022.
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